As a content writer and editor it is important for me to know the best (and worse) usage of grammar. But even people working with words all day need a reminder of grammatical terms and what they mean. Following is a list of terms and their meanings.
Adjective: the function of an adjective is to modify a noun or pronoun, i.e. tall tree; noisy neighbour.
Adverb: is used to modify an adjective, verb or other adverb.
Conjunction: brings two words or groups of words together, i.e. and, but, so.
Interjection: is used to express emotion. It may consist of one word or more and bears no grammatical relationship to the rest of the sentence, i.e. Ouch! Phew.
Noun: is a naming word, naming a person, place, idea or thing.
Preposition: is positioned before a noun or pronoun relating it to another word, i.e. by, for, from.
Pronoun: replaces a noun, i.e. he, she, I, who, what.
Verb: is the most important word in a sentence and expresses action or being.
If you want to learn more about grammar your local library should contain a number of grammar guides and books with activities to assist you.