Basic grammar guide

As well as proofreading for correct spelling and formatting, copyediting also involves ensuring your document is grammatically correct. For those of us who need a reminder of grammatical terms and what they mean, following is a list of terms and their meanings.

Adjective: the function of an adjective is to modify a noun or pronoun, i.e. tall tree; noisy neighbour.

Adverb: is used to modify an adjective, verb or other adverb.

Conjunction: brings two words or groups of words together, i.e. and, but, so.

Interjection: is used to express emotion. It may consist of one word or more and bears no grammatical relationship to the rest of the sentence, i.e. Ouch! Phew.

Noun: is a naming word, naming a person, place, idea or thing.

Preposition: is positioned before a noun or pronoun relating it to another word, i.e. by, for, from.

Pronoun: replaces a noun, i.e. he, she, I, who, what.

Verb: is the most important word in a sentence and expresses action or being.

If you want to learn more about grammar your local library should contain a number of grammar guides and books with activities to assist you.